A Historical Perspective on Civil Engineering Also refer to: The Structural Engineering History

Leonhard Euler devised a theory accounting for column buckling

Since humans have existed, engineering has played a part in daily life. The first civil engineering efforts took place in Ancient Egypt, South Asia and Iraq from 4000 BC to 2000 BC, when humans began to reject a nomadic lifestyle, which created a demand for shelter. Throughout this period, transport became more and more important, resulting in the invention of sailing and the wheel.

Before the modern era, architecture and civil engineering were one and the same thing, and the terms ‘architect’ and ‘engineer’ were geographical variations relating to a single profession – and frequently used interchangeably. When Egyptian pyramids were built around 2700 BC to 2500 BC, this was one of the first examples of large scale construction. Other ancient civil engineering projects were the Qanat water system (the first system was built over 3000 years ago, and was more than seventy-one kilometers in length), the Iktinos Parthenon in Greece (built from 447 BC to 438 BC), the Appian Way in Rome (circa 312 BC), the Chinese Great Wall erected around 220 BC under the orders of Emperor Shih Huang, and the ancient Sri Lankan stupas –  such as the Anuradhapura irrigation works and the Jetavanaramaya. During their reign, the Romans designed civil structures, which included insulae, aqueducts, bridges, harbors, roads and dams.

The influence of John Smeaton

During the eighteenth century, the phrase ‘civil engineering’ was used to refer to civilian structures, rather than those used for the military. John Smeaton was the first official civil engineer, who built the Eddystone Lighthouse. Smeaton formed the Smeatonian Civil Engineer Society with a few colleagues in 1771. This was a group of industry experts, who socialised over dinner. While some of their meetings discussed technical matters, most of the time they were social gatherings.

The Civil Engineers Institution was established in London in 1818. Then, the celebrated engineer Thomas Telford took over as president in 1820. In 1828, the institution was awarded a Royal Charter, which formally recognised the profession of civil engineering. Its’ charter described the profession as:

the act of using natural power sources to make life more convenient for humans, and a way of increasing state production, for both internal and external trade, relating to the building of bridges, roads, canals, aqueducts, docks and river navigation for internal exchange and intercourse, and relating to the building of harbours, ports, breakwaters, lighthouses and moles, and the act of navigation via artificial power for commercial purposes, and the building of machines and drainage of towns and cities.

Civil engineering Melb uses scientific and physical concepts to solve societal problems, and it is historically connected to advancements in maths and physics. It is a broad profession, which includes numerous sub disciplines, so its’ history is connected to an understanding of materials, structures, geography, mechanics, science, soils, geology, environment, hydrology and other areas.

During medieval and ancient history, the majority of architectural construction and design was performed by artisans, like carpenters, stonemasons and master builders. Local guilds retained this knowledge and it was rarely shared with outsiders. Roads, infrastructure and buildings that existed were of a similar design, and scale increases were gradual.

Archimedes, who was alive in the third century BC, adopted a scientific method to solve mathematical and physical problems linked to civil engineering. The Archimedes Principle underpins our knowledge of buoyancy, and the Archimedes’ screw was a groundbreaking practical solution. The Indian mathematician Brahmagupta used maths in the seventh century AD, with Hindu/Arabic numerals, for volume (excavation) computations.

Pest Control Advice You Can Really Use Right Away

All sorts of animals can get into your house and make it their permanent residence. Most people don’t want to live with pests that can carry disease. Keep reading to find methods for getting them out.

Hairspray is great for eliminating bees and other stinging insects.

Check local building authority and ordinances for available options for pest treatments. Spraying down a locally banned chemical can backfire if you sell your house later on. It is important to research what you to find out the right pest control.

A human professional will only verify that about a partial diagnosis of your home is safe. A well-trained dog can check out one hundred percent of your entire home. Dogs are attuned to odors like methane gas produced when wood is eaten by termites.

Bedbugs are hard to eliminate due to their ability to hide. Close holes you may find prior to extermination. This will keep any of the house you are not exterminating.

Look around the house and yard for any water and eliminate it. Standing water attracts all kinds of the biggest attractants for pests. Make sure that you take care of any leaky pipes and standing water under control. If you eliminate water sources, chances are good that they will find a new place to call home.

Seal off any cracks and crevices throughout your home to control pests. These cracks can be an easy entryway for pests that are looking for a way into your home.

It’s not an easy task to get pests out of your home, but this article should help you find a solution. In order to get results, you have to invest the required effort into the task. Take what you have gone over in this article to clean things as soon as you can.

Rancho Cucamonga ant exterminator

Increasing Living Space with a House Extension

Good home design will always improve your quality of life – and, needless to say, the value of your home. If your outgrowing your home, it going to be worthwhile spending some time, and maybe a little money exploring all option available to you. Countless inspired property extensions evolve in response to a site’s characteristics: its strengths and its limits, and the planning system.

The importance of bringing in a good, competent designer as soon as possible can not be overstated. They will formulate ideas that may never occur to you and advise on achieving your aims within your budget. Good designers will also drive the project through development, minimising compromise so you end up as close as possible to your aspirations, adding space and that elusive ‘wow’ factor, too.

RIBA has a brilliant library in London where you’ll be able to find many books and material on house extensions, ideas for designs and planning and how to renovate them. Finding material like this, directly from verified architects is a superb point to start getting ideas for your house extension project

Single Storey Extensions

Extending your home with a single storey extension as opposed to moving to a new property can prove to be a more economic and satisfactory solution that fits your family’s present and future needs. A new extension is a wise investment that could add to the value of your home and provide the additional internal space needed enabling you to make the most efficient use of your accommodation.

Double Storey Extensions

A two storey extension can make a substantial difference to your home, not only giving you more room downstairs for an extended kitchen or dining room but also an extra bedroom, office and or bathroom. This type of extension often gives you enough space to avoid having to move home, at a price which is far more affordable.

Side Return Extension

A side return extension is often used to build extra room in existing rooms or to re-arrange your interior layout to develop extra space which can include: bedrooms, bathrooms or living space. Side return extensions can be combined with rear extensions to form a wrap-around extension.

Conservatory Extensions

Investing in a conservatory extension is a wise move which will add value to your property and provide room that is adaptable enough to be used in several ways. With a conservatory extension you’re not just getting an additional room… ‘you’re investing in a whole new way of living.

For more information on extending your home see Homeworks Design & Build a Check a Trade approved building contractor in Barnet covering London and the Home Counties.

20 Tips for a Better Kitchen

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Today’s kitchens are often the heart of the home. Therefore, careful planning is needed to ensure a kitchen that is both exquisite and highly functional. Here, brought to you by Complete Joinery Solutions, a local kitchen fitter in Newcastle you will find some great ideas and tips on how to design your new kitchen space.

 

 

  1. Remove wasted steps. Before anything else consider how and where you use the items in your kitchen. Breakfast foods and bowls should be kept close to the breakfast table for ease of use. Keep wraps and containers in one area near the working surface for wrapping foods and leftovers. Dishes and flatware ought to be stored near the sink and dishwasher for easy unloading.

 

  1. Design wide walkways. Paths within a kitchen need to be a minimum of 36 inches wide. Paths in the cooking zone need to be 42 inches wide for a one-cook kitchen and 48 inches wide for a two-cook configuration. When planning, adjust kitchen islands and peninsulas properly.

 

  1. Consider kitchen traffic. For kid-friendly kitchen designs, Make sure the cooktop is kept away from the traffic areas so adults and children alike arent likely to catch handles and cause dangerous spills when passing through.

 

  1. Stay clear of corners. To make cabinet and appliance doors completely functional, plan space for the door’s clearance and swing direction in your kitchen design. Appliances ought to always be kept away from corners and do ensure doors don’t swing into one another when opened at the same time

 

  1. Choose the best height for the microwave. This will vary based on the chef and the general kid character of the area. For adults, 15 inches above countertop level is a good microwave height. For children, a below-countertop setup may be safer and a lot more suitable.

 

  1. Consider the kitchen Islands function. When it comes to kitchen islands, form follows function. If the family will be cooking and eating on the island ensure you plan for enough space between the cooktop and the dining surface.

 

  1. Prepare landing space. When designing your kitchen, allow 15 inches of countertop on each side of a cooktop and freezer or fridge. Landing space is likewise important near to the microwave.

 

  1. Give some thought to worktops. For those who cook more you will want a good amount of work surface — ideally between your range and sink. In addition, integrating two countertop heights helps make baking easier and will help children who are involved in meal preparations.

 

  1. Double up. The addition of a second microwage or mini fridge at the edge of the work centre will help keep snackers out of the chef’s way. Add a snack bar with barstools for an after-school area for the kids.

 

  1. Arrange the range. Have a shelf fitted behind the range to keep your spices and cooking oils. Pots and pans can be hung on S hooks besides the range.

 

  1. Fill it up. Sick and tired of lugging pots of water from the sink to the cooker?? A swing out tap placed near the cooker could be used to fill pots with water right where you need them.

 

  1. Cinsider where t0 store sharp knives. You can hang your knives on a magnetic strip on the backsplash. This makes it easy to spot the right knife for a job and keeps hazardous objects out of children’s reach.

 

  1. Make recycling effortless. Consider having a cabinet for recycling old newspapers, food waste, glass and plastics, keeping each container separate from the other results in hassle-free recycling.

 

  1. Think short. Have a shelf or drawer full of the kids favourite snacks in a place they can easily reach.

 

  1. Add a message center. Create a message center next to the kitchen phone. Place a bulletin board, blackboard, or whiteboard on the wall, and store a diary, notebook, and writing utensils in a near by drawer.

 

  1. Plug it in. Power sockets can be installed along the backsplash and the kitchen island so you have enough power points wherever you need them.

 

  1. Cut cleaning time. Consideration of cleaning when designing will make your cleaning life much simpler in the long run. Glass shelves in the fridge as an example catch the spills which wire shelves would let through to the shelves and food stuffs beneath. Flush-set or undermount sinks don’t have a crumb-catching rim to worry about. Glossy finishes show more dirt than Matte.

 

  1. Break up cabinetry blocks. Avoid boring, heavy blocks of doors and drawers with the addition of intriguing details including glass doors and display shelves. Or try wine storage or windows.

 

  1. Use light colors in a small kitchen. Dark colours tend to make a space less inviting then light colours and can shrink an already small space. Use soft shades on kitchen cabinets and natural light to visually expand a smaller room.

 

  1. Give the new space a focal point. Splashy tile, fancy floors, sizable range hoods, bright cabinets, and busy counter patterns give the eye a lot of to look at. Pick one focal point in your kitchen design and complement that space with some other more subtle, eye-catching characteristics.

 

ABOUT THE AUTHOR:

Complete Joinery Solutions is a Check a Trade approved Newcastle Joinery Company with an exceptional online reputation spanning over 10 years. The owner is an avid blogger and regularly shares useful tips and advice through their website.

Beautifying your home with Gallery Wall Prints

Give your living area a feeling of sophistication and class with incredible designs, images, and artworks, available as gallery wall prints. This gallery wall prints can serve as stunning decorations sets that will help make your home more beautiful. Gallery wall prints offers any individual seeking for a way to decorate their homes, event, occasions, and weddings, the perfect choice to achieve this. Gallery wall prints are ideal for making your home, birthdays, weddings, and several other occasions, appear stylish and dazzling. Glam up your sitting room using this Gallery wall prints home decoration set.

Furthermore, you can place them on your center table, on your stairway, lobby, or your entrance to greet your guests as they arrive at your home. Not only will this Gallery wall prints give your home the elegant appearance it deserves, it will also show your taste and class for attractive designs. The design of this Gallery wall prints is pure class. The brilliantly concealed Gallery wrap features an incredible design that makes them the ideal home décor accessory for your home. Not only does it display your favorite images, designs, or artworks in a sophisticated and chic way, but it also elevates the appearance of your home.

Why you need Gallery Wall Prints

Will you like to add glamor and exquisiteness to the appearance of your home? Are you in search of incredible ways to make everyplace in your home more gorgeous, stunning, and fascinating? Will you like to improve the elegance and appearance of your home? In case you are in search of a unique way of to make your home look really beautiful, Gallery wall prints is the perfect fit to get it done. Imagine a particular spot in your home whereby you place this Gallery wall prints. The appearance of your home will transform immediately from ordinary to extraordinary.

Gallery wrap printsare visually stunning display created by professional, well-designed images made to offer your home more beauty. Anywhere you place this Gallery wall prints in your home, your guests will find the spot marvelous. The Gallery wall prints will definitely make the area to be a fantastic center of attraction for you home. Of course, this is something you always wished for. That is why you need to get this Gallery wall prints.

Beautiful Yet Affordable Bedroom and Bathroom Accessories

Looking to add a touch of style to your bathroom and bedroom but you are not in a position where you may splurge and spend all of your hard earned money? We know how expensive decorating our beloved house can be, but who says that we have to starve ourselves in order to make these parts of the house look even more lovely? Read on to learn our favorite marble bathroom accessories and find out which affordable accessory you can add to your bedroom!

It’s a little known fact that bathroom accessories are as important as other decorative items in the house. Think about the bathroom of that hotel you stayed in for your summer vacation, incredible wasn’t it? Now take a look at yours, do you see what is missing? Accessories. We often overlook this part of the house because we tend to focus on its functionality – but now that is about to change! Don’t just let your shower essentials and other items scattered around! Typically consisted of lotion dispense, toilet brush holder, toothbrush holder, dish soap and a tumbler, not only are these accessories made of marble able to add to your bathroom’s beauty, they are also able to help you be much more organized.

When it comes to bedroom, you are most likely presented with so many options to decorate your personal space. But what if you are on a tight budget? Don’t worry. Despite of its simplicity, adding a layer using throw blankets can add a remarkable touch to your bedroom. There is a wide range of colors, textures, as well as styles and designs you can choose from, so you don’t need to worry about not being able to find one that will perfectly complement your bedroom overall decor and theme. Beautiful, and incredibly cozy – just drape the throw blanket and voila!

What You Have to Notice before Ordering the Ready Mixed Concrete

Talking about the building project, or even any other project which requires the concrete, especially the mixed concrete, most people will spend much of the time thinking about what kind of mixed concrete which will be suitable the most to be chosen. Surely, you will find some types of the concrete you can choose and they might successfully make you feel confused. That is really simple but actually totally important to be smart in dealing with that thing since the concrete does a big matter if you choose the wrong one. Whether the ready mixed concrete or barrow mixed concrete Mancheste, you need to notice about the characters of each of them.

If you prefer ready mixed one to the barrow mixed one, it is a good idea to discuss about the good points and bad points of that kind. For the good points, the ready to use one has the good point on its simplicity so that you will do the less tasks then which means it save much of the time and energy. Then, that will be dry in faster way. It is a good point in dealing the rain which can come anytime. The quality can be much better because it has been mixed properly and professionally with the great technology mixer which will make it such the perfect mixture.

Besides dealing with the good points, the bad ones also need to be considered. Since that is easy to get dry it also means that you have to be in hurry in doing your tasks. You have less time for working with it. So, you have to be really ready in dealing with it. You also need to consider that it will require the proper access for the mixing truck to your location. So, not all of the location is accessible then. If you have the location which is not accessed by the truck, looking for the barrow mixed one is much more recommended. Still you can go to the place which offers both the barrow mixed and ready mixed concrete Rochdale.

Symons Valley Real Estate Opportunities

Symons Valley is a stunning residential area located in the North of Calgary. There are four communities located in Symons Valley, Evanston, Kincora, Nolan Hill, Sage Hill and Sherwood. Kincora and Sage Hill are two communities in Symons Valley that offer amazing Calgary real estate opportunities and lifestyle benefits. Evanston real estate offers numerous great single-family home and condominium opportunities for prospective Calgary buyers. Sage Hill real estate also offers amazing buying opportunities and several great local amenities for residents to enjoy. Evanston, Sage Hill and other Symons Valley communities can represent the ideal Calgary location for your lifestyle.

The North Calgary community of Evanston was originally developed in the early 2010Õs by a number of professional community developers. Qualico Developments, Hopewell Communities, Genesis Land Development Inc. and Dundee DevelopmentsÊall took part in crafting the gorgeous real estate opportunities found throughout Evanston. The single-family homes in Evanston showcase beautiful designs and high-quality craftsmanship. Evanston Square, Evancrest Gardens and other great condo developments can represent the ideal Evanston real estate opportunities for your needs. There are a number of local schools and other amenities found throughout Evanston.  Evanston Grand Village and other nearby shopping centres create a convenient lifestyle for Evanston residents. Sarcee Trail NE and the Trans-Canada Highway provide the residents of Evanston with great transportation routes throughout Calgary. If you are interested in a home in Evanston, feel free to contact a Calgary real estate professional!

Sage Hill is a beautiful Calgary community located in Symons Valley. Sage Hill real estate is quite new and offers the most innovative and high-quality home designs for potential buyers to enjoy. United Communities and Genesis Land Development Inc. are two professional and respected Calgary developers that constructed a large portion of the real estate found in Sage Hill. Apart from the wonderful single-family homes found in Sage Hill, there are also great condo opportunities that can provide the ideal real estate opportunity to suit your lifestyle. Local schools such as Sage Hill School, F.E Osborne School and James Fowler School provide great educational opportunities for children of any age. Sage Hill has great views pathways and is close to a number of local Calgary parks, like Nose Hill Park. Sage Hill Crossing and other local shopping opportunities are available to Sage Hill residents. Sage Hill is a very attractive and sought after community amongst Calgary homebuyers. For more Sage Hill community information, or to schedule a home viewing in Sage Hill, contact a Calgary real estate expert today!

Evanston, Sage Hill and the other Calgary communities that belong to Symons Valley are all stunning and can offer a great lifestyle for prospective community residents. Symons Valley offers a great escape from the cityÕs busy downtown core but has wonderful transportation opportunities so that residents can have easy access to every art of the city. Symons Valley communities each have great real estate opportunities and local amenities that can make these communities ideal locations for you and r your loved ones.

Trusted Name for Roof Improvement

Good quality and well-designed roof is important to every house. The roof must be able to provide optimum protection to house indoor area. But like any other structure, the roof quality will be decreasing as it becomes older. That’s the reason why roof inspection and roof improvement is crucial thing to do. It can reveal the actual condition of the roof so the right improvement can be made.

Roof inspection is definitely not one thing to do by yourself. It requires expertise and knowledge as well as experience for precision assessment. You need to hire a professional roofer to do the inspection and also give recommendation about the right improvement plan. Hiring a professional roofer also means you have the one to handle the improvement work. With this kind of scope of work, you know you can’t just hire any roofer. You need the best and trusted one! This is the reason why you must hire Best Twickenham Roofing. This is one of the leading roofing companies with excellent reputation in this country. This company is serving the area of Twickenham, Hampton Court, Richmond, and Teddington. It is widely known by customers and widely referred for its high quality services and very competitive rate.

Don’t hesitate to contact this company and schedule a meeting with its team. You will be assisted by team of professional roofers to plan the inspection and also the improvement project. The plan will be detailed and tailored to meet the actual needs and feasible for your budget. The inspection work will be very thorough yet highly efficient. Based on the assessment, the improvement plan is made and will be executed with high precision. With combination of well-planned project, high quality materials, and excellent workmanship, the roof improvement project will deliver best quality result. Your roof will be as good as new and will last for many years to come.

Home Improvement Tips: Ways to Increase the Value of Your Home

Reasons for A Redo

Home improvement projects often begin with someone saying, “Wouldn’t it be nice if… ?” usually followed by a wish for a remodelled kitchen or a room addition for space to accommodate every family member’s needs. More often than not, reality and dreams don’t coincide, due to limited funds for realizing the dream, or limits on the available space. The trick: turning your dreams into reality. Begin with a realistic evaluation of your needs. Homeowners usually consider home improvements for one of the following reasons.

You may feel the need to update something that is out-of-date. If your kitchen colour scheme was perfect a few decades ago but no longer works, now may a good time to update it.

Some home improvement projects grow out of an immediate need to replace broken or inefficient fixtures. If a sink, tub, or toilet needs to be replaced, consider taking advantage of the opportunity to do a makeover on the entire bathroom.

If you’re preparing to sell your home, you’ll want to be sure to get top dollar from the sale. That’s great motivation for some home improvement projects.

You have decided that staying put and improving your home is a better option than moving.

Your family has grown and you need more space.

Improving to Move? or Improving to Stay?

Evaluate your plans carefully if you’re improving your home to list it for sale. Cutting corners may hurt your prospects rather than helping them. But don’t go overboard either. Potential buyers may prefer not to pay for some of the extras, such as a hot tub or pool. You’re better off keeping the changes simple.

And remember that buyers who view your home may not share your tastes and may not appreciate the care you took to find just the right shade of green paint for the walls.

You’ll find that improving to sell is easier if you can think about it from the prospective buyer’s point of view: What is important to the home buyer? Here are a few remodelling projects buyers are likely to find valuable:

Adding or remodelling a bath

Improving the kitchen

Adding a new room

Landscaping

Adding a bedroom

Adding or enclosing a garage.

If you’re remodelling because you want to stay in your home, you should still avoid over-improving it. You’ll probably want to sell it someday, and even if your house is the best on the block, it may be difficult to convince potential buyers to pay for the things you considered important. And when you consider making improvements, keep in mind the value of other homes in the area. Your home’s value should not be more than 20% above the average, which means that a $10,000 kitchen improvement project well could be a better investment than a $10,000 hot tub, especially if yours will be the only home in the area with a hot tub.

Home Maintenance versus Home Improvements

It’s unfortunate that some home improvement projects are undertaken because something has broken. Replacing a leaky bathtub may be the first step to a major bath remodeling: since the tub has to be replaced anyway, why not do the whole room?

While that might be a legitimate reason to remodel, avoid basing your home improvement projects on immediate needs. You’ll be better off if you minimize problems with proper maintenance. Examine every part of your home at least once a year. Check the roof, the plumbing, electrical wiring, etc. As soon as become aware of a problem, fix it. Making repairs when you’re first aware of them will help you avoid larger expenses later on. Keep in mind that maintenance does not add to the value of your home. Usually repairs are not improvements; they are necessities.

Hiring Professionals May Save You Time and Money

It should go without saying that home projects can be expensive, so you may be tempted to tackle them yourself as a way to save money. That may be a smart move for small projects. You won’t have to wait for someone to fit your house into their busy schedule, and you can boast about having done the work yourself.

But unless you’re very versatile, major home improvements are better left to professionals. If you decide to remodel the kitchen and plan to do the work yourself, will you be able to handle the plumbing, electrical, and carpentry work on your own?. And don’t forget that you’ll need to finish it quickly, because you won’t have a kitchen as long as it’s a “work in process” and eating three meals a day in restaurants could get expensive. Keep in mind, do-it-yourself jobs generally take more time. And you’ll be responsible for getting all the necessary permits and inspections.

Hiring people who have the required experience can save you money and time, too. For example, these professionals can help you get a custom look using stock products, and that can be a significant savings. Getting something done right the first time will give you value that lasts for years.

To find qualified and dependable home improvement specialists, check with friends, business associates, and neighbours for recommendations. Always get at least three references, and check them out thoroughly. Also check with the local chapter of the Better Business Bureau or Chamber of Commerce. Their numbers can be found in the community services section of your telephone book.

Once you’ve located the necessary home improvement specialists, make sure everyone is in agreement about the design, the schedule, and the budget, and get the details down in writing in a signed contract.

It’s also wise to check on professional certifications and licenses, where required, and be certain that the contractors you hire are fully insured and bonded. Your town or city Building Department can provide that information. And it’s very important that you make sure contractors carry workers’ compensation insurance: if workers are injured on the job, you won’t be liable if the contractor is covered. Request copies of their insurance certificates. And make sure that either you or your contractor have gotten any necessary permits before the work begins. Contact your local Planning and Zoning Commission for information.

Here’s a quick overview of some of the professionals you may need to work with when you remodel your home:

Architect: Architects design homes or additions from the foundation to the roof. If your project will require structural changes such as adding or removing walls, or if the design is complex, you will probably need an architect. Since architects may charge an hourly or a flat fee, make sure you get an estimate of the total cost: drawing up the plans for a major remodeling project can take 80 hours or more.

Contractor: The contractor oversees the home improvement project, including hiring and supervising workers, getting the necessary permits, making sure inspections are done as needed, and providing insurance for work crews. It’s always a good idea to get proposals from one or more reputable contractors, based on the specific details of your project.

Be sure each contractor bids on exactly the same plan so that you can compare their bids more easily. When you’ve chosen a contractor, make sure the contract specifies that you will pay in stages. You’ll usually pay one third when the contract is signed so that the contractor can buy supplies. The number and timing for making the remaining payments will depend on the size of the project. Do not make the final payment until all the work is successfully completed, inspected, and approved.

Interior Designers: Interior designers are specialists who will provide advice on furnishings, wall coverings, colors, styles, and more. They help save you time by narrowing your selection, and save money because they usually receive professional discounts from their suppliers. When meeting with an interior designer, be sure to tell them about your personal style and preferences. Expect to pay anywhere from $50 to $150 per hour, or you may be able to negotiate a flat fee of approximately 25% of the total project cost.

If we can help you or anyone you care about understand the processes of selling, purchasing, or improving a home, contact us to schedule a free consultation. We’ll sit down with you for about half an hour and show you the latest technologies and strategies for buying a home. No high pressure; just plain, honest talk. Your consultation is completely free and does not obligate you in any way.